## When is a given polynomial a square of another polynomial?

I meet a problem in which I hope to show a special polynomial is not a square of another polynomial. More precisely, let’s consider the polynomial f(x):=1−x+2bxn−2bxn+1−b2x2n−1+2b2x2n−b2x2n+1−2bx3n−1+2bx3n−x4n−1+x4n∈k[x], where k is a field of characteristic p>0, n>2 is an integer, and b∈k with b≠0,1,−1. Indeed, in the context I meet, the field k is just the … Read more