Kolmogorov Extension Theorem vs. Caratheodory Extension Theorem

I noticed that CET together with monotone-class arguments is commonly used in theory of discrete-time stochastic processes to construct a joint probability measure from finite-dimensional distributions. At the same time, I often see KET being used to construct a joint probability measure from finite-dimensional distributions in continuous time case. As it requires the state space to have some topological properties, it seem to have more restricted applications comparing to those of CET.

Updated: more explicit question

I decided to rephrase my questions in a more explicit way: is it true that KET holds without assumptions on the topology of the state space? I have not found the place, where they are used.


This is the same answer I gave on MO:

The KET fails for general measurable spaces, the classical example can be found in a paper by Andersen and Jessen. Topological assumptions are necessary so that the resulting measure is not only finitely additive but countably additive. There exists a quasi-topological condition of measure spaces, perfectness, that is sufficient. A probability space (Ω,σ,μ) is perfect if for every random variable f:ΩR, there exists a Borel set Bf(Ω) with measure one under the distribution μf1. A proof of KET under the assumption that the marginal measures are perfect due to Lamb is given here. The strategy of the proof is to employ an existence result for regular conditional probability spaces and the construct the proces for them using the Ionescu-Tulcea theorem.

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